Establishing the biological father of a child in a child custody case requires that a paternity test be conducted on the father. A man who denies paternity can be compelled to provide child support if he is proven to be the biological father of a child via a paternity test. On the other hand, a paternity test can also grant a man the privileges and rights that a father has toward their biological child if he is being denied them, or his paternity is called into question.Types of Paternity Testing
There are two types of paternity tests that can be conducted in order to determine paternity: prenatal or postnatal. Prenatal testing is done before the baby is born, while postnatal is done after the birth. Postnatal testing is safer, most effective, and more accurate compared to prenatal testing. What’s more, prenatal testing is more expensive than postnatal testing, as prenatal tests average at around $2000, while postnatal tests will only cost around $400.
You can choose among three common paternity tests:
- Amniocentesis – This prenatal testing is conducted between the 14th to 20th weeks of pregnancy, this process involves inserting a needing into the mother’s uterus and extracting a small amount of amniotic fluid. The amniotic fluid contains the DNA of both the mother and the biological father. However, this test is quite risky, as it can cause a miscarriage, and may cause the mother is experience cramps and vaginal bleeding. This test cannot be performed without a doctor’s consent.
- Chorionic Villus Sampling (CVS) - Another type of prenatal testing, this procedure involves inserting a needle through the vagina and collecting chorionic villi from the uterus. Chorionic villi are tiny pieces of tissue which contains the same genetic material as the fertilized egg. This test also requires a doctor’s consent, and is usually performed within the 10th week of pregnancy.
- SNP Microarray – While another type of prenatal testing, this is a popular test because it is non-invasive for the fetus. This test involves drawing blood from the mother, as during the pregnancy, the baby’s DNA can be found inside the mother’s bloodstream. This test has been found to be 99.9% effective.
- Post-natal Testing – Post-natal testing can be done by getting blood samples, check swab testing, and by testing the umbilical cord. All these tests can be done without a doctor’s consent, and is considered to be very safe for both mother and child. This is the most common type of test ordered by the Court.
Establishing paternity is a very important step in making sure that the father is able to take care of his child, and that the child has a stable and secure future. If you’re experiencing paternity problems, you can contact the Texas family lawyer Daniella Lyttle at Lyttle Law firm for advice on resolving your paternal rights